A chip in a tooth is when a small piece of tooth has broken off. For proper tooth repair, your dentist may use a filling. If the repair is to a front tooth visible when you smile, your dentist will likely use a bonding procedure. Which uses a tooth-colored composite resin.
When the large piece of tooth breaks off or has a lot of decay, dentists grind or file away part of the remaining tooth. Then covers it with a crown, or tooth-shaped cap, made to protect the tooth and improve its appearance. Permanent crowns can be metal, porcelain fused to metal, all resin, or all ceramic. Different types have different benefits. Metal crowns are the strongest. Porcelain and resin crowns can look identical to the original tooth.
If the entire top of the tooth brakes off but the root is still intact. The dentist or a dentist who specializes in root canals may perform root canal therapy. This places a pin or a post in the canal, and then build up enough of a structure onto which a crown fits. Later, the dentist can cement the crown over the pin or post-retained restoration.
Crown placement takes no more than two visits to the dentist’s office. X-rays are taken in the first visit to check the roots of the tooth and surrounding bone. If there are no further problems, the dentist will numb the tooth and surrounding gum. Then remove enough of the remaining tooth to make room for a crown. For large pieces of missing tooth, dentists can use a filling material to build up the tooth to hold the crown. Then a putty-like material will make an impression of the tooth receiving the crown. As well as the opposing tooth which is the one that touches when you bite down. Impressions help make a dental crown in a lab. In the meantime, your dentist may place a temporary crown made of acrylic or thin metal.
During the second visit, which is two to three weeks later, the temporary crown is removed. As well as check the fit of the permanent one before cementing it in place.
If a front tooth has broken or chipped, a dental veneer can make it look whole and healthy again. A veneer is a thin shell of tooth-colored porcelain or resin composite material. It covers the whole front of the tooth. Like a false nail covers a fingernail with a thicker section to replace the broken part of the tooth.
0.3 to 1.2 millimeters of enamel are usually what needs removal from the tooth surface. Then an impression of the tooth is sent to a laboratory and the veneer made to look identical. One to two weeks later, you can have it placed by the dentist. Yet first, the surface of the tooth needs etching with a liquid that roughens it. Then there’s a special cement that helps keep the veneer in position. Finally, a special light activates chemicals that need to harden.
If a tooth chip or break is large enough to expose the pulp which contains nerves and blood vessels. Means that bacteria from the mouth can enter and infect the pulp. Signs and symptoms are the pain, change in color, or is sensitive to heat, the pulp is damaged or diseased. Pulp tissue can die and if it’s not removed, the tooth can become infected and needs extraction. Root canal therapy involves removing the dead pulp, cleaning the root canal, and sealing it.